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Category Archive for 'Dietary Supplements'

In the last 3.5 decades, research has proposed a link between several cancers and lower serum levels of vitamin D. Multiple epidemiologic studies have found inverse associations between serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25OH)D] concentration and the risk of many cancers including breast cancer, colorectal cancer and prostate cancer. In one randomized controlled trial, women […]

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This randomized double-blind clinical trial was conducted in Iran in women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) I, as diagnosed with pap smear, colposcopy and biopsy. Women were between the ages of 18 to 55 and had proven CIN 1 based on pap smear cytology and then colposcopy and biopsy. Only those with biopsy proven CIN […]

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Menstrual cramps are one of the most common gynecological problems in reproductive aged women. Menstrual cramps due to primary dysmenorrhea (the type of menstrual cramps that are due to a physiological problem, rather than a medical condition such as endometriosis). Primary dysmenorrhea starts after the release of prostaglandins from endometrial cells (those cells that line […]

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Cervical dysplasia is a potentially pre-cancerous condition and in many cases can resolve on its own, but in others, can progress to more severe dysplasia and even cervical cancer. The likelihood of regression of mild dysplasia, called cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (CIN1), is 60%. The likelihood of progression to cervical cancer if it does […]

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Fiber and omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to have at least modest antihypertensive benefits but research on flax seeds for this purpose have been conflicting. Flax seed constituents include fiber, an omega-3 fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), the peptide KCI-F1, and perhaps its most well-known component, the lignans. The purpose of this research was […]

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Gingivitis (a reversible inflammation of the gums) and periodontitis (a destructive non reversible condition resulting in loss of the connective tissue attachment of the tooth to the bone) are oral inflammatory infections. Periodontitis is thought to be caused by an immune response stimulated by plaque around the margins of the gingiva. One way that the […]

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Melatonin is a hormone secreted mostly by the pineal gland in response to the normal variations in the circadian cycle. As a dietary supplement, melatonin is one of the most common nutraceutical supplements that individuals try for self-treatment of their sleep problems and many trials have been done to assess its effectiveness in treating primary […]

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Both myo-inositol and D-chiro-inositol have been shown to effect ovarian function and metabolic factors in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). They have been shown to improve androgen levels, increase the action of insulin, reduce systolic blood pressure and more. The purpose of the current study was to compare the effects of myo-inositol and D-chiro-inositol […]

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In the current study, patients with proven and stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were randomized to treatment with either N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) 600 mg twice daily or placebo, in addition to the treatments they were already using. Patients had a follow-up every 16 weeks for one year. After enrolling 120 patients with COPD who […]

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There have been only 2 randomized clinical trials addressing whether or not vitamin and mineral supplements are effective for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. One of these, the Physicians’ Health Study II did not find an association between the use of a multivitamin-mineral (MVM) supplement and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in either incidence or mortality after […]

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